Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia

Woman Suffrage

Lucretia Mott

Lucretia Coffin Mott (1793–1880) was a leading figure in Philadelphia’s abolition and early woman’s rights movements. Library of Congress

Library of Congress

Lucretia Coffin Mott (1793–1880) was a leading figure in Philadelphia’s abolition and early woman’s rights movements. Her Quaker faith shaped her commitment to equality. She was active in the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, and in 1848 she helped organize the first woman’s rights convention, held in Seneca Falls, New York. In 1852, she called to order Pennsylvania’s first woman’s rights convention, in West Chester. After the Civil War, she became the first president of the American Equal Rights Association, which favored universal suffrage—for African Americans and women. She continued to work for woman suffrage throughout her life and was revered by later generations of activists. Late in life she became a member of both the Citizens’ Suffrage Association of Philadelphia and the National Woman Suffrage Association.

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