Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia

Treaty Negotiations with Native Americans

Back of the State House

drawing of the state house

Native Americans are prominent in this view of the Pennsylvania State House (Independence Hall) during Philadelphia’s decade as the nation’s capital. (Library of Congress)

Library of Congress

William Birch created this engraving of the Pennsylvania State House in 1799, when Philadelphia still served as the capital of the United States. A visiting delegation of Native Americans can be seen in the foreground of the Pennsylvania State House (later known as Independence Hall). By this time, the original steeple on the State House had deteriorated and had been removed. The U.S. Congress met in the County Court House (late known as Congress Hall) at Sixth and Chestnut Streets and a house at Sixth and Market Street served as the home and office Presidents Washington and Adams.

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