Television Shows (About Philadelphia)


The Philadelphia region has provided a backdrop for numerous television programs, including shows by creators from the region. Although the programs often were shot in other places, like New York or Los Angeles, the Philadelphia setting provided important references and details. In some cases, stories called for posh suburbs, such as those on the Main Line. In other situations, the central city served as a gritty urban setting. The depictions were not always positive, but they created an image of southeastern Pennsylvania that reached viewers across the country.

American Bandstand was filmed in a West Philadelphia studio from its inception in 1952 until production was moved to Los Angeles in 1957. (Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries)

In the early days of television, most shows were set in New York City, home to the television industry until production migrated to Los Angeles in the mid-1960s. It took some time for shows to be set outside New York. One of the first national programs to be broadcast from Philadelphia, American Bandstand (WFIL, 1952-57; ABC, 1957-87; USA, 1989), started as a local program in 1952 and went national in 1957. The legacy of American Bandstand continued with the 2002 drama American Dreams (NBC, 2002-5), which examined life in Philadelphia in the early 1960s.

Philadelphia’s suburbs became a favorite setting for the intrigue and scandal of daytime soap operas. The Main Line west of Philadelphia had established a reputation as a place of wealth, especially in the wake of The Philadelphia Story, the 1939 play that became a 1940 film and the 1956 movie musical High Society starring Philadelphia’s Grace Kelly (1929-82). In combination with the nearby city, suburban neighborhoods also provided a setting of socioeconomic diversity. Two long-running soap operas, All My Children (ABC, 1970-2011) and One Life to Live (ABC, 1968-2013), both operated in the same soap opera universe but took place in different suburbs. All My Children was set in the fictional suburb of “Pine Valley,” modeled on Rosemont on the Main Line. One Life to Live’s fictional “Llanview,” a nod to the area’s Welsh background, took its inspiration from Chestnut Hill in Northwest Philadelphia. The creator of both shows, Agnes Nixon (1922-2016), a longtime resident of the Main Line, grew up in Tennessee and provided her shows with an outsider’s view of a world she came to know well. Nixon created a world that illustrated the socioeconomic diversity of the area and did not seek to whitewash her setting.

a black and white photograph of Philip Barry wearing an overcoat and bowler hat.
Playwright Philip Barry popularized the Philadelphia Main Line suburbs as a backdrop for the social elite in film and television with his 1939 play The Philadelphia Story. (Library of Congress)

The 1980s renaissance of television drama found Philadelphia and its suburbs in the spotlight again, primarily with thirtysomething (ABC, 1987-91). This program followed a group of friends through the stresses of children, career, and marriage. As part of the “prestige drama” trend in the 1980s, the show had a relatively small audience, but those viewers gained a new perspective of Philadelphia. Co-creator Marshall Herskovitz (b. 1952) was a Philadelphia native, and his characters had careers at City Hall and attended school at places like the University of Pennsylvania and Princeton. The show depicted Philadelphia as a city with a vibrant and educated creative upper-middle class through characters who worked in a fictional Philadelphia advertising agency. Through the death of a main character in a car crash, thirtysomething also reinforced the notion that the Schuylkill Expressway was a dangerous place to drive.

Family Sitcoms

During the 1990s, Philadelphia and its suburbs also served as settings for family sitcoms. Boy Meets World (ABC, 1993-2000) made references to Philadelphia sports teams, landmarks, and universities, although the city remained largely unseen and unimportant to the action. In contrast, The Goldbergs (ABC, debuted 2013) relied on its setting of Jenkintown and its proximity to the city to tell its stories. In addition to the family’s love for the Philadelphia Flyers and Phillies, the show represented the city’s Jewish population. Based on the childhood of the creator, Jenkintown native Adam F. Goldberg (b. 1976), the stories required specific local institutions and landmarks, such as Veterans Stadium and the Spectrum.

a black and white photograph of Bill Cosby in a Temple University sweater
Bill Cosby based his childrens’ show Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids on his experience growing up in North Philadelphia. The show addressed problems intercity children face such as racism and gun violence. (John W. Mosley Photograph Collection, Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries)

Philadelphia-centered programs increasingly depicted a broader spectrum of race and class. In 1972, Bill Cosby (b. 1937) created the cartoon Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids (CBS, 1972-85), which took place in the projects of North Philadelphia, a world away from the Main Line in the era after the “white flight” of the 1960s and 1970s. In the 1990s, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air (NBC, 1990-96) confronted juxtapositions of class and race head-on as its main character, an African American teenager played by Philadelphia-born Will Smith (b. 1968), went to live with family in the wealthy Los Angeles suburb of Bel-Air. The show’s catchy opening theme song (“In West Philadelphia born and raised…”) established a close association with Philadelphia. In the wake of the 1992 Los Angeles riots, the show confronted issues of race in major cities in the early 1990s.

The city’s gritty reputation from the 1970s and 1980s contributed to making it a backdrop for crime procedurals and dramas in the twenty-first century. Hack (CBS, 2002-04) shot primarily on location in Philadelphia, but others including Body of Proof (ABC, 2011-13), and Cold Case (CBS, 2003-10) filmed elsewhere and used the city as a setting perceived to have a high crime rate. How to Get Away with Murder (ABC, debuted 2014) used University City as its setting, creating the fictional Middleton University out of Philadelphia’s many elite schools. The show also featured a diverse cast, reflecting the heterogeneous professional class in Philadelphia.

It’s Always Sunny . . .

Philadelphia natives who became show creators found success in highlighting their hometowns, even if the depiction was not always kind. The creator of It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia (FX / FXX, debuted 2005), Rob McElhenney (b. 1977), was born and raised in Philadelphia, attending St. Joseph’s Preparatory School. The show often referred to major landmarks and institutions, such as the University of Pennsylvania and South Street. The writers also included smaller local references such as La Salle University and the Philadelphia Inquirer and required its viewers to know something about the city to get some of the jokes involving these regional touchstones. However, the show tended to depict the city as dirty and populated by shifty, undereducated eccentrics. Crude, unsympathetic main characters found themselves in very unfortunate predicaments. This vision of Philadelphia was played to comic effect, however, and McElhenney’s charity work and restaurants in the city demonstrated his deep affection for his hometown.

a black and white photograph of a bank built in the classical style with prominent front columns
The Real World is often credited with popularizing the reality television format in the United States. Philadelphia was chosen as the location for the 2004-05 season. (

The proliferation of reality programming starting in the early 2000s also placed Philadelphia at center stage, albeit in an extensively edited way. The Real World (MTV, debuted 1992), which cast diverse twenty-somethings to live and work together for a period of time, set up in a former bank building at Third and Arch Streets in 2004. As cameras recorded typical young adult angst and problems in the house, The Real World: Philadelphia cast worked for the Philadelphia Soul arena football team and performed charity work for the Northern Home for Children. As with many of the Real World casts, controversy followed throughout the show’s filming, and an altercation between a Philadelphia police officer providing security and some off-duty officers cast the city in a negative light. Parking Wars (A&E, 2008-12) followed the Philadelphia Parking Authority (PPA) on its daily rounds as officers wrote tickets, booted vehicles, and dealt with angry drivers. While the show also filmed in Providence, Rhode Island, and Detroit, Michigan, Philadelphia became the city most commonly associated with the program. Cops (Fox / Spike, debuted 1989) and The First 48 (A&E, debuted 2004) also shot episodes in Philadelphia.

The region’s diverse depictions on television often created realistic representations of the physical city and reflected dominant characteristics of its people, but some programs also reinforced problematic stereotypes. Often with guidance from creators with local ties, Philadelphia became, in effect, another character on the shows set in the city and its suburbs. These settings became, in turn, an attraction for fans seeking to visit sites and neighborhoods from their favorite programs, leading to increased tourism and demonstrating the impact of Philadelphia’s longstanding and continuing presence on television.

Megan C. McGee Yinger earned her Ph.D. in American Studies from Penn State University-Harrisburg. She is working on a project that explores how American media prepare for and cope with natural and man-made disasters. (Author information current at time of publication.)

Copyright 2017, Rutgers University


American Bandstand

Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries

American Bandstand, initially started in Philadelphia, was a musical variety show hosted by WFIL-TV. Teenagers would appear on the show, dance to the latest Top 40 hits, and often a new musical act would perform during the program. Dick Clark became host of Bandstand in 1956, just before the show was renamed American Bandstand, shortened to ninety minutes, and expanded to a national ABC audience on August 5, 1957. Bandstand ran until 1989 and was a huge social and cultural success, bridging some of the first gaps between the east and west coasts by broadcasting the lifestyles and fashions of East Coast teenagers to the national stage.

Philip Barry

Library of Congress

The Main Line suburbs of Philadelphia have been a popular setting for television shows. The area became synonymous with the city’s “Old Money” families due to Philip Barry’s 1938 play The Philadelphia Story. Barry based the lead character of his play, Tracy Lord, on socialite Helen Hope Montgomery Scott, whom he knew personally. A successful theater production starring actress Katharine Hepburn led to a film adaptation, also starring Hepburn, in 1940. A 1954 musical adaptation, High Society, with real-life Philadelphia socialite and Main Line resident Grace Kelly playing Lord. Two long-running soap operas, both by Main Line resident Agnes Nixon, were set in fictional Main Line suburbs. One Life to Live’s Llanview was based on the Chestnut Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia and All My Children’s Pine Valley was based on Rosemont, a suburb on the Main Line.

Bill Cosby

John W. Mosley Photograph Collection, Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries

Philadelphia native Bill Cosby chose his home city as the location of his 1972 children’s show Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. Cosby spent his childhood in North Philadelphia and based the show’s setting and characters on his personal experiences. Fat Albert combined animated and live action sections and Cosby provided voices for several characters, including the titular Albert. The show tackled problems common to life in urban neighborhoods, including racism and gun violence, in a way children could understand. Most episodes ended in the characters gathering in a North Philadelphia junkyard to perform songs on improvised instrument with lyrics about the episode’s theme. It ran for twelve years and continued airing in syndication after it concluded.

While living Philadelphia, Cosby was a poor student but a promising athlete. He attended Philadelphia’s rigorous Central High School and later Germantown High School, later earning a high school diploma by correspondence. He attended Temple University on a track and field scholarship. During his undergraduate studies, he began performing stand-up at local comedy clubs and quickly rose to stardom. His 1968 comedy recording, To Russell, My Brother, With Whom I Slept, recalling his childhood in Philadelphia, is considered one of the finest works of stand-up comedy. His successful career in television and film, including his long-running sitcom The Cosby Show and Little Bill, a children’s show aimed at preschoolers, was overshadowed in the twenty-first century by accusations of sexual assault and other legal problems.

Marshall Herskovitz

Wikimedia Commons

Writer and producer Marshall Herskovitz featured Philadelphia city landmarks in the 1980s “prestige drama” thirtysomething. Herskovitz was born and raised in Philadelphia. While completing graduate studies at the American Film Institute Conservatory, Herskovitz met Edward Zwick, with whom he frequently collaborated on film and television projects. After working together on smaller projects, the two created thirtysomething in 1987. This program followed a group of friends through the stresses of children, career, and marriage. Various characters worked for City Hall, attended the University of Pennsylvania, and dined at the popular French restaurant Le Bec-Fin. While it portrayed the city as having a vibrant and creative upper middle class, it also touched on negatives. One character was killed in an automobile accident on the Schuylkill Expressway, a major traffic corridor in the city with a reputation for being dangerous.

In its four-season run, thirtysomething won fourteen Primetime Emmy Awards and was nominated for thirty more. Herskovitz and Zwick chose to end the show in 1991 due to declining viewership and their own waning interest. They continued to work together on films and television programs, including the 1990s cult teen drama My So-Called Life, and the Academy Award-winning film Traffic.

The Real World: Philadelphia House

MTV’s The Real World is often credited with popularizing the reality television show. The show, which debuted in 1992, followed a group of young adults, strangers to each other, living and working together in a new city. The city and cast changed with each season. For the 2004-05 season, a cast of seven was chosen to live and work in Philadelphia. They were housed in a former bank building, shown here, on Arch Street at Third, and worked for the Philadelphia Soul football team during their stay in the city. The bank building later became gallery space for the Art Institute of Philadelphia, then was an event space, then in 2016 became headquarters for a tech company.

While The Real World format tended to court controversy, the Philadelphia season became known for incidents that occurred off camera. The show almost left Philadelphia before filming began due to disputes between the producers and the city’s trade unions during the renovation of the bank building. The disputes were settled after several weeks, but filming was delayed. During filming, a plainclothes officer guarding the house was allegedly assaulted by two off-duty officers, one of whom was suspended but later reinstated.

Related Topics


Time Periods



Related Reading

Thompson, Robert J. Television’s Second Golden Age: From Hill Street Blues to ER. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Barnouw, Erik. Tube of Plenty: The Evolution of American Television, 2nd Revised Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Edgerton, Gary R. The Columbia History of American Television. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.

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